According to preliminary estimates, Canada's population was 36,286,425 on July 1, 2016, an increase of 437,815 or 1.2% during the year 2015/2016. In absolute numbers, such an increase had not been recorded since 1988/1989 (+485,034)! Some more highlights for 2015/2016: Net international migration was responsible for 71.7% of the population growth in Canada. Canada received 320,932 immigrants in the past year. The population growth rate in the past year was the strongest in Alberta (+1.7%) and Manitoba (+1.7%). Nearly one in six (16.5%) persons was at least 65 years of age. In 2016, one in two Canadians was at least 40.6 years of age - median age was higher for females (41.5 years) than for males (39.7 years). In 2016, there were 48.3 children (0 to 14 years) or seniors (65 years and older) per 100 working-age persons (15 to 64 years). The demographic dependency ratio has been rising steadily since 2007 (43.9) The data is available from Annual population estimates, Annual population estimates by age group and sex or CANSIM tables.